TOPEKA — The Kansas Department of Education plans to use a slice of $830 million in new federal funding for public education to address COVID-19 learning deficits by training K-3 teachers to help students absorb more from their reading about science.
Half of the 10% set aside for the state agency must be dedicated to rebounding students from the pandemic, while 1% has to be allocated for summer session and 1% for after-school programs. These dollars are to be invested in 286 public school districts across Kansas to counter the disproportionate impact of COVID-19 on certain student populations and take into account the overall social, emotional and academic needs of nearly 500,000 children.
Bulk of this latest shipment of federal emergency aid — 90% of the $830 million — will be disbursed by individual school boards for benefit of students attending classes in the 1,300 school buildings statewide. Flexibility was included in federal law to allow districts and states to shift emphasis if education priorities had to be adjusted.
This allotment pushed to approximately $1.4 billion what the state received from the federal government from outset of the pandemic emergency in March 2020 through the relief-aid deadline in September 2024.
Brad Neuenswander, deputy commissioner at the state Department of Education, said the bottom line was Kansas public education couldn’t be allowed to return to a pre-pandemic footing. Shortcomings exacerbated by COVID-19 can be addressed during the next three years with that kind of federal investment, he said.
“This is an amazing opportunity to not go back to the way it was,” Neuenswander said. “We had gaps in the system before this happened.”
Look no further, he said, than home environments insufficiently conducive to educating students. Issues highlighted by the pandemic included the insufficient availability of before- and after-school options as well as spotty high-speed internet and computer technology.
The federal package labeled the Elementary and Secondary School Emergency Relief, or ESSER, was authorized by Congress and President Joe Biden in March. It’s part of the American Rescue Plan and promised nearly $122 billion to states in support of safe operation of schools. Most states were eligible for more than Kansas in this round of COVID-19 assistance. For example, Oklahoma scored $1.4 billion in this installment.
Of the 90% or roughly $750 million to be spent directly by local education boards, one-fifth must go toward learning deficits linked to the coronavirus. The remainder could be for purchasing educational technology for students, providing mental health services and implementing summer programs. Other options include professional development on infectious diseases or purchasing supplies to sanitize and clean buildings.
Federal guidance allowed a portion for repair of school facilities to support student health as well as upgrading heating and cooling systems, windows and doors to improve air quality. Part of the money can be allocated to maintain staffing levels and retain existing school activities.
Neuenswander said it would be crucial Kansas not invest in personnel and other areas in ways that committed resources beyond 2024. He said the distinction could be as simple as a school district partnering with a county health department or a YWCA on a mental health initiative rather than inventing an independent program that couldn’t be sustained past Sept. 30, 2024.
“They’ve got to be careful they don’t create a cliff,” he said. “It’s one-time money.”
None of that money has started flowing to local school districts in Kansas. In preparation of that moment, the state Board of Education has began work on reviewing and adopting expenditure proposals from individual school districts. A task force of superintendents, legislators and teachers sharing the goal of helping students regain instructional momentum has met weekly to contemplate strategies to get that done.
Kansas school districts making use of federal ESSER funds will drawn monthly from their designated allotments from the U.S. Department of Education rather than sit on a massive nest egg. At the same time, federal law prohibited states from making disproportional reductions in state funding for high-need and high-poverty students.
Two-thirds of the ESSER award was formally allocated in March. States must submit a written expenditure plan to the federal Department of Education to gain access to the remainder.
Reeves Oyster, spokeswoman for Gov. Laura Kelly, said the commitment by the Democratic governor and Republican-led Legislature to fully financed K-12 public education through 2023 and availability of supplemental federal assistance through 2024 would poise students to recover from the pandemic.
“The additional $830 million in federal relief dollars will secure the resources the Department of Education, state Board of Education and local districts need to create innovative opportunities for Kansas children and strengthen our schools and workforce as we emerge from COVID-19,” she said.
Kansas officials reported the pandemic took a toll on educators as well as students. During the 2019-2020 school year, the pandemic disrupted programs to improve retention of special education, science and math educators and to strengthen support for newly licensed teachers. Educator vacancies in Kansas public schools during the 2020-2021 school year grew faster than the state’s capacity to add teachers.
There is a supply-and-demand imbalance for licensed school counselors, social workers and psychologists in Kansas. The condition has been worst in underserved rural areas and deepened as educators left the profession due to the pandemic.
If Kansas followed recommended staffing levels, state education officials said in a federal report, districts in Kansas would need to hire 1,390 social workers, 1,075 special education teachers, 795 school counselors and 480 school psychologists. The shortage of science, technology, engineering and math teachers in Kansas’ K-12 schools stands at 240, while the shortage of elementary and early-childhood education teachers hovered at 360.